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This section of the website is expected to contain topical materials published by local media outlets, as well as specialized foreign publications or internet. These materials will illustrate the current state of production, processing and export, as well as prospective and investment materials (information) on certain spheres of economy and industry. In particular, it will contain information about cotton production (COTTON-NEWS), textile production (TEXTILE-NEWS) and silk production (SILK-NEWS).

All news and information in this section are dedicated only to Central Asia: Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan.

We would like to thank all journalists and authors, whose articles were published on our website, in advance. We hope for your understanding.

Dear friends and colleagues. We will be sincerely grateful to each of you for any assistance in providing us with fresh news and information on mentioned industries.

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We apologize for any possible minor mistakes in texts, as they are translated by not a native speaker.

11 august 2009 COTTON-NEWS
The State cotton processing plant in South Kazakhstan is experiencing difficulties and asks the state for a help.

Shimkent. July 2. "Kazakhstan Today" - The cotton processing plant in South Kazakhstan region is experiencing difficulties and asks the state for a help. This is that said the first deputy akim in South Kazakhstan Berik Ospanov at the today's press conference, reports an agency correspondent.

"They are negotiating with us, they want to keep the plant working, but most importantly, we should support them. But all the plants need a support now. Do you know that our cotton companies engaged in cotton processing, are not in a very good situation now? In the first place, this is due to the drop of cotton prices in the global market", - said B. Ospanov.

First deputy akim assured that the enterprise would function; moreover, continue to build the workshop for seed processing. "According to the latest information, provided by "KazAgro”, they do not deny this project, they will bring it to a conclusion. The seed processing plant, they say, will be built in any case. The only question here is to study the demand: to whom, in which quantity and of which quality the seeds are needed, "- informed B. Ospanov.

According to him, the reason for the difficult situation of cotton processors is not only the drop of prices and demand. The law "On the development of cotton industry" is not perfect. It has a few problematic points, which impede the development of the industry. In the framework of this, just last week we made a proposal to the Ministry of Agriculture of RK on that it is necessary to amend the law", - he explained.

B. Ospanov noted that "primarily, the matter is that, in accordance with the law, our cotton companies have no right to engage in commercial activities. They, let’s say so, are only cotton processing operators - and that's it. As a result, it leads to a complete lack of interest to engage in cotton business, because the main margin is not in the processing, but exports of cotton fiber".

"On the other hand, our peasants have small plots, their harvest is small, and they can not sell their products by themselves too. And consequently, we have the situation: there is cotton, there is a demand for it, but the selling entails difficulties. We want to make amendments to the law for the purpose to enable enterprises to engage in commercial activities. There are, of course, some other amendments too", - informed B. Ospanov.

The state cotton processing plant was launched two years ago. The rated processing capacity is up to 60 thousand tons of raw cotton a year. The cost of the project is 1 billion 500 million tenge. The enterprise is equipped with modern equipment, specially selected for the parameters of the cotton, growing in South Kazakhstan.

$1 = 150.41 tenge.

SOURCE: 13:58 02.07.2009 / News agency “Kazakhstan Today” (http://www.kt.kz)

10 august 2009 COTTON - NEWS
Effective use .

In the Bautin district they grow cotton on 21,420 hectares. Over 240 tractors-cultivators work the plants. 1178 mirabs are employed in irrigation of cotton fields.

We found Abdugani Mingbaev, head of the farm "Narzulla Yulduz Faed" under the association of water users of S. Rashidov, in the cotton field. Now they water the plants for the second time. This is a very important time, because the future harvest is dependent on the quantity of life-giving water, which cotton plants get. It is very important to observe all agro technology rules. In order to create working conditions for the people, the farmer tried to undertake marketing issues.

- All our mirabs are experienced, said Abdugani Mingbaev. - Yunus Karimberdiev, Olim Sheraliev, Eshonkul Zoidov and Bozorboy Ruziev know their job very well. All necessary conditions are created for them - there is a place for rest, they eat hot dinner everyday. Also they receive 5000 sums for every watered hectare in addition to main earnings. There are no problems with water, but we still try to use it as efficiently as possible.

- We have already thoroughly "fed" cotton plants with fertilizers, – joins the talk chief agronomist Fozilzhon Norzhigitov. - Now all farms use the sharbat method of irrigation that is with addition of organic fertilizers. Luckily, they delivered enough of them to cotton fields from cattle farms and private yards. 11 tractors-cultivators are not idle too. They deliver fuels and lubricants directly to the field to avoid empty runs and loss of precious time. By the way, machine operators also receive 5000 sums for every cultivated hectare in addition to main salaries.

The care for the plants is good on the farms "Shukhrat”, “Temir Hanzhar Nur”, “Mamatkulov-ota avlodlari”, “Urol”, “Egam Okzhigitov” and other groups. Throughout the district they organized the work in nearly three shifts. Thanks to the measures in the association, there are, on average, five or six flowers on each cotton bush now, and seven or eight ones on advanced farms. Experienced cotton growers see now: the harvest promises to be good.

In all associations of water users in Syrdarya region they established the work of irrigators, machine operators, and masters of manual calking. They did not stop at financial support. As an incentive to work, farms receive a bag of flour for each cultivated hectare.

After the first watering the regional Khokimiyat awarded the best mirabs with keepsakes: refrigerators, television sets, video players, and carpets. Effective incentives yield positive results. Farmers work diligently with a high sense of responsibility. They understand that the fate of the crop depends on their work now.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Pravda Vostoka” ¹150 of August 4, 2009.

07 august 2009 COTTON - NEWS [UZBEKISTAN]
August is the decisive month of accumulation of the cotton harvest.

Uzbekistan takes the sixth place in cotton production and the second place in its export in the world. Just this fact shows the great role, which agriculture plays in the economy of our country, in particular cotton growing. During the years of the independence, thanks to the President’s special attention to the development of the branch, significant results are achieved here.

Country farmers expect to gather a considerable harvest of the "white gild" this year as well. 1 million 323 thousand hectares are sown with cotton nowadays. In these days they care for each bush, because August is considered to be the most favorable, and at the same time, responsible month for the productivity increase.

In this period, if agro technology rules are observed, cotton grows quickly, and flowers turn into bolls and begin to open by the end of the month.

It is not a secret that this year was not easy for country farmers. Abundant atmospheric precipitations in spring became the reason for the late sowing. According to the information of Uzgidromet, the quantity of atmospheric precipitations in spring months exceeded the last year's rates by much, particularly in Tashkent, Syrdariiya, Dzhizak, Samarkand, Navoi, Kashkadariya, and Surhandariya regions. The low temperature of the soil has also delayed the growing of cotton shots by 8 - 10 days.

However, in spite of such unfavorable weather conditions, country farmers relied on their aged experience. The use of leading technologies has helped to bring the cotton growing to the past year’s level. The labor conditions, created in the field, as well as well-timed provision of fuels and lubricants, and mineral fertilizers were a good help too. They selected early-ripening, high-yield cotton varieties subject to climatic particularities of the regions.

The current condition of cotton growing, in the opinion of specialists of the Ministry of rural and water industries, is wholly normal. By the present day, on average, six bolls have already appeared on each bush, and in some of the best farms the quantity reached ten bolls.

The month, when intensified labor is especially required, has come, because it will determine the fate of the harvest in many respects. Today it is necessary to have more serious attitude to watering, cultivation, caulking, and struggle against plant pests. Experienced farmers are aware of the benefit of sharvat watering. Thank to the method, the moisture remains for a longer time, the effect of mineral and organic fertilizers increases, and the development of cotton speeds up by 8 - 10 days, and productivity increases as well.

Today all these together are taken into account by cotton growers of the republic, who intend to gather a worthy harvest.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Narodnoe Slovo” ¹152 of August 4, 2009

Outlet expands

Last year "Urganch-Bahman" Ltd. functioning in Urgench exported cotton fabrics worth of almost 200 thousand dollars.

And this year they will send to foreign partners this production by 60 thousand dollars more. They have exported 50 thousand linear meters of fabric so far.

Products of the enterprise are in demand in the domestic market too. The evidence is the fact that 55 domestic producers are its customers. Only for the 4 months of this year they have delivered more than 2 million 300 thousand linear meters of cotton fabrics of over a hundred varieties.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Narodnoe Slovo” ¹125 from June 24, 2009

Turkmenistan inaugurates first plant for production of medical cotton wool.

The inauguration of new facilities of the textile industry - the country's first plant for production of medical and cosmetic cotton wool, as well as new Fashion House and two shopping centers "Ak pamyk" was held in Ashgabat on 29 June. The facilities were erected in the Neutral Turkmenistan Avenue next to the Ashgabat textile complex. They were built and equipped by Turkish company "Kotam Enterprises Ltd."

The new plant has the capacity of 4200 tons of medical cotton wool and 12.4 million packages of cosmetic products per year. These products will be sent to foreign and domestic markets. The plant will process daily up to 4800 tons of raw materials - treated cotton waste which is available in sufficient quantities at the textile plants. Modern equipment of leading foreign companies was installed at the plant. The plant will employ more than 140 people.

The inauguration ceremony was attended by Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov who arrived at the scene straight from the Ashgabat airport after completing his official visits to Republic of Croatia and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The House of Fashion prepared a colorful show for guests and participants of the ceremony. Clothes made by Turkmen designers were presented in a special hall.

30.06.09 12:43 © TURKMENISTAN.RU, 2009

12 june 2009 SILK - NEWS [UZBEKISTAN]
Uychi silkworm breeders are in the lead

This year silkworm breeders of Namangan region are to procure 2600 tons of the raw materials, farmers of Turakurgan, Namangan, Uychi areas are to deliver one third of them.

- Why do the workers in these areas supply the main share of silk cocoons? - they ask chief agronomist of the region administration Akramzhon Yusupov.

- They have a large number of mulberry trees, silkworm raising is a tradition here, and the skill is passed down from generation to generation, - he replied.

Experience and proper care have made Uychi silkworm breeders the leaders - they are the first to cope with agreement obligations, having delivered 301 tons of the “silver” thread.

Farmers of Naryn, Mingbulak and Pap areas have also fulfilled their obligations.

According to calculations by "Bosh pillahona Ltd", there are more than 492 thousand mulberry trees, growing not only in plantations, but in yards of villagers, along aryks, fields and roads. Over five thousand families are busy in silkworm cultivation this season. Cocoon delivery continues.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Pravda Vostoka” ¹111 from June 9, 2009.

12 june 2009 SILK - NEWS [UZBEKISTAN]
Productive silkworm eggs from Kashkadarya

- The 2600 tons of the valuable raw materials come in the main cocoon dryers, will be sent to silk-reeling establishments already in July, - says chairman of joint stock association "Kashkadarya-pilla” A. Dzhalilov. - Silkworm breeders of Kasan, Kasbin, Yakkabag, Mubarek and Kamashin areas have made the greatest contribution to the success. The average yield of each of the 52 thousand boxes with silkworm eggs was 51 kilograms – this is two kilograms more than the last year. According to our calculations, high mountain areas will give 30-40 tons of the fiber in addition.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Pravda Vostoka” ¹111 from June 9, 2009.

Cotton express-test

A digital measuring instrument for the humidity of raw cotton in bales, featuring high reliability and accuracy, was created by Uzbek scientists.

The authors of the product - employees of the Institute of Mathematics and Information Technology under the Academy of Sciences of the Republic - managed to reduce the number of electronic components and in-circuit connections in comparison with existing devices. Thanks to this, the power consumption was reduced, and the speed and accuracy of measurements was increased.

The device gives the result on the indicator directly in digital form.

The device was created in fixed and portable options for use in the field. The product can be used for determining, by an express method, not only the moisture of raw cotton in bales at factories, but also the moisture of grain, rice and other loose agricultural products. The device is safe in relation to fire.

The innovation is recognized as an invention, and they have issued a corresponding patent for it.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Pravda Vostoka” ¹111 from June 9, 2009.

Important income item

Joint-Stock Company "Kuvatekstil" is considered by right one of leading companies in textile industry, operating in Ferghana region.

Modern equipment and advanced technologies ensure high quality of the cotton fiber produced here.

A remarkable event has happened in the life of the JS team recently: a new sewing shop was put into operation. They bought Swiss equipment for its equipping. Notably, 65 girls got permanent jobs at the new production. This workshop is the first place to work for many of them.

Also, thanks to the new shop, there appeared the opportunity to resolve the problem of development of home-based work. Many housewives living in nearby villages Begat, Kakir, and Uzbek mastered the profession of seamstresses very soon. The home work on orders of the business has become an important income item in their family budget.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Narodnoe Slovo” ¹114 from June 6, 2009.

Industry in rural areas

Substantial work on development of industry, modernization of production and support of private entrepreneurship is carried out in rural areas. This can be seen in the example of Fergana region.

During this period of the year joint-stock company " Beshariq textile” opened in Beshariq area, joint stock company "Fargona spining" with the capacity to manufacture 4600 tons of yarn per year, started to operate in Baghdad area.

SOURCE: Extract (Mass Media): “Narodnoe Slovo” ¹111 from June 3, 2009.

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